Brief information about Uzbekistan

Formal name

The Republic of Uzbekistan


Central Asia

Map reference


Geographic coordinates

41 00 N, 64 00 E


total: 447.400 km²

land: 425.400 km²

water: 22.000 km²

Land boundaries

total: 6.221 km

Border countries

Afghanistan 137 km, Kazakhstan 2.203 km, Kyrgyzstan 1.099 km, Tajikistan 1.161 km, Turkmenistan 1.621 km


Over 27 000 000

Density of population

57.1 per km²




Uzbek (state language), Russian (international communication)




GMT + 05:00


220 V AC, 50 amp; 2 pin plugs


Uzbek Sum (UZS)

Domain zone


Best time to visit to Uzbekistan is spring from mid March till the beginning of June and autumn from the end of August till mid November. Summer months as July and August are very hot and suitable time for those who are planning trek.

Having the sharp continental climate Uzbekistan has dry, hot summers and winters with low temperatures. Though the monthly temperature varies depending on the north and south parts of the country, in summer the average temperature commonly is + 25 C (sometimes it surpasses + 40 C, mainly in July) and the average temperature is from + 4 °C till −8 °C (in January). But 13.7 °C ( 57 °F) is the average temperature.

You had better to wear light and loose clothes made of cotton or natural fibres while you are travelling in Uzbekistan. On account of cool evenings it is preferable to put on light jumper or jackets. But there is no special rule for clothing and it is optional for travellers in dressing. In spite of this, travellers are usually recommended to wear clothes with long sleeves which cover the most parts of the human body as a respect to the culture and traditions of local people. In some areas, such as in Fergana Valley as well in religious places, you should avoid to wear shorts.

A traveller can wear comfortably as they want. The only recommendation is that valuable jewelleries and clothes which attract special attention should not be taken with. Essentials are sunglasses and hats. Because of the possibility of getting sunburn the clothes you wear should offer such protection.

National cuisine of Uzbek people is one of the characteristic aspects of their culture which are very popular all over the world. It has a good deal of history as a result of long settled civilization for centuries. It is impossible to describe the entire cuisine of Uzbekistan in some lines because it has thousands of delicious dishes. Only Uzbek plov which is very favorite and famous has some hundreds of varieties in preparation. Additionally it may vary depending on the seasons of the year. So in brief, better one should try national dishes on spot by one’s taste.

The most favorite drinking is tea in Uzbekistan. Water which is used for daily life is rich in minerals and considered healthier than that of other areas of the world although it tastes salty.

Electricity is 220 volts AC, 50Hz in Uzbekistan as well as in other Central Asian and CIS countries. Round two-pin plugs are standard.

Travelers are recommended take voltage converters with them if their devices don’t accept 220 Volts at 50 Hertz.

Day Holiday

  • January 1 New Year
  • March 8 Women’s Day
  • March 21 Navruz (Oriental New Year)
  • May 9 Memory Day
  • September 1 Independence Day
  • October 1 Teachers’ Day
  • December 8 Constitution Day

Other religious holidays listed below which vary in dates annually should be considered:

  • Ramadan Khait (Eid al-Fitr) at the end of Ramadan
  • Kurban Khait (Eid al-Adha) 70 days later

The useful way of carrying your heavy or necessary personal properties while you are travelling in Uzbekistan is a tourist rucksack or suitable shoulder bags with strong straps. In case your luggage is accidentally lost (but rarely) your labels enable the authority of the airport to determine your luggage easily. Travelers are recommended not to leave their baggage without attention at airports and railway stations.

Travelers who have flights to Uzbekistan via Uzbekistan Airways are allowed for the following baggage allowance as 20 kg (economy class), 30 kg (business class) and 40 kg (first class) for each as well as 5 kg hand baggage additionally.

The official currency of Uzbekistan is Uzbek Sum (Soum/Som), UZS denoted by the ISO code. Foreign hard currencies such as US Dollars, Euro, Japanese Yen and some others are available to exchange at bureaus of changes in many hotels or at any branches of banks in cities. Currently paying by credit cards are being spread widely.

There is no limit to import foreign currency into Uzbekistan. But one should declare upon arrival. They maybe be body searched who are bringing amount in excess of $1000 or equivalent. The amount of exported foreign currency is limited to exported one.

Because of rich past Uzbekistan has a lot of cultural and architectural-historical monuments which are usually desired to photograph and there is no obstruction to do so. But only in some areas like religious places, airports and railway stations, subway , near military installation to make photograph may be not allowed. In this case you can be advised by your local guide. In most sights there is a fee for photography and such fees are usually not included in tour packages.

To avoid from various unwilling situations, you had better keep your valuable properties and main documents such as passport, visa, air ticket, traveler check, currency and others. Although there are rare unpleasant occasions, minor larcenies may seldom occur in a place where people are usually crowded like oriental bazaars.

Oriental bazaars are the best right places for not only shopping but also to experience the culture and traditions of the local people. Mostly souvenirs such as national clothing, jewelers and local handicrafts certainly cause the guests to be surprised. Travelers should be advised by local tour operators or guides if the souvenirs which they would like to purchase don’t have significant cultural value. Because there are some restrictions for carpets and antique hand made crafts. But guides usually provides with up-to-date information on this matter.

Uzbekistan has a rich tourism potential including over thousands of historical-architectural sites, monuments and museums as well as hundreds of guest houses and hotels in all categories, in historical cities such as Samarkand, Shahrisabz, Bukhara, Khiva and Kokand, Termez, etc.. In addition a traveller can find a lot of arts and crafts masters, ensembles of traditional folks, designers of national clothing from cotton and silk and many other interesting things. A great number of qualified travel agencies and companies render a wide range of tourist related services.

Comparing with other Central Asian countries, Uzbekistan offers various means of transportation of high quality in good choice such as train, air and land transportation. Uzbekistan Airways, the national airline, provides foreign and local customers with international and local flights over 30 countries all over the world. There are international airports in Tashkent, Samarkand and Urgench and local airports in Fergana, Namangan, Zarafshon, Navoi, Termez, Bukhara and Nukus. Over 4,000 kilometres railroad in Uzbekistan links regions with one another. Any kind of land transport services such as buses, minibuses or taxi are available in all cities.